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Impressum

50 years ago 4 million people were living in Malawi, by 2017 the number had increased to 18.5 million, where the proportion of people under 24 years is now at 66 %. At the current population growth rate of estimated 3.3 %, up to 40 million people will live in Malawi in 2050.

Thus, Malawi is not only one of the poorest countries in the world, but with a birth rate of 41 children per 1000 people also one of the countries with the highest population growth in Africa, combined with a high infant and maternal mortality rate and an HIV infection rate of about 10% of adults.

The average marriage age of women is just above 18 years; almost 30 % of those under 20 are already mothers. Only around 32% of unmarried young women between 15 and 19 use modern contraceptives, and the figure for married women is clearly below 40 %. It is therefore not surprising that 72 % of sexually active women become pregnant, almost half of them did not want to become pregnant at all or only at a later date. (Plan International)


Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

Malawi

Comparison if Indicators

Malawi

Germany

population in Mio. ( 2017 )

18,6

83,1

predicted population 2050

37,5

83,2

GNI per capita in US $

250

47650

anticipated average life time

62,5

81

birthrate per 1000 people

41

11

birthrate per woman

4,5

1,5

population growth rate

3,3

0

infant mortality per 1000 births

42

3,5

maternal death per 100.000 births

500

7

HIV infection rate

10

0,2

Consequences of Overpopulation

The consequences of the uncontrolled population growth in Malawi will be dramatic: the main source of income in Malawi is the production and sale of agricultural products. Population growth implies an increase of own needs for food and space - thus leading to a decrease of farming land for the production of export goods and consequently to the loss of the main source of income.

Official institutions already reach their limits of possibilities. For instance the recommended number of pupils of 60 per class is already exceeded by far – the actual number is 100 as an average over the whole country. Hospitals already lack of qualified medical personnel, in particular of doctors.

As the population growth has dramatic negative effects on humans and nature the limitation of it is of vital importance. Limitation of population growth would need far less resources than the handling of the implications of the uncontrolled population growth.